Question: Which Are Emergency Drugs?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

What drugs are used in a code blue?

Amiodarone.Atropine.Epinephrine.

Can ECG detect heart blockage?

Your doctor may use an electrocardiogram to determine or detect: Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmias) If blocked or narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) are causing chest pain or a heart attack. Whether you have had a previous heart attack.

How do you stop a heart attack immediately?

What to do if you or someone else may be having a heart attackCall 911 or your local medical emergency number. … Chew and swallow an aspirin, unless you are allergic to aspirin or have been told by your doctor never to take aspirin. … Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. … Begin CPR if the person is unconscious.More items…•

What is the best medicine for the heart?

The Big 6 Heart MedicationsStatins — to lower LDL cholesterol. … Aspirin — to prevent blood clots. … Clopidogrel — to prevent blood clots. … Warfarin — to prevent blood clots. … Beta-blockers — to treat heart attack and heart failure and sometimes used to lower blood pressure. … ACE inhibitors — to treat heart failure and lower blood pressure.

What are the cardiac emergency drugs?

Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest responseAdrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. … Amiodarone. … Lidocaine. … Atropine. … Additional drugs. … Calcium chloride. … Magnesium sulphate. … Miscellaneous drugs.More items…•

What drugs are used in resuscitation?

Drugs for Resuscitation*Drug†Adult DoseDopamine2–5 mcg/kg/minute increasing as needed to maximum 20 mcg/kg/min)EpinephrineBolus: 1 mg Infusion: 2–10 mcg/minuteGlucose25 g 50% D/WLidocaine1–1.5 mg/kg; repeat every 5–10 minutes to a maximum of 3 mg/kg18 more rows

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What is emergency injection?

In the case of an Addison crisis, or if one threatens, corticosteroids should be injected. This injection can be given into a muscle (intramuscular) by the GP or any medically trained person, or directly into the vein (intravenous).

What happens if you inject epinephrine into a vein?

Do not inject epinephrine into a vein or into the muscles of your buttocks, or it may not work as well. Inject it only into the fleshy outer portion of the thigh. Accidentally injecting epinephrine into your hands or feet may result in a loss of blood flow to those areas, and resulting numbness.

What are critical drugs?

Whilst all medicines should be administered in a timely manner, there are some that must not be omitted or their administration delayed as this has the potential to cause harm. These are referred to as ‘critical medicines’.

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning.

How do you handle an emergency patient?

Steps to take when an emergency occurs:Take a deep breath.Count to 10. Tell yourself you can handle the situation.Check for danger. Protect yourself and the injured person from fire, explosions, or other hazards.Try to look at the situation as a whole.