Quick Answer: How Bad Is Osteopenia?

What is the best diet for osteopenia?

For strong bones, you need a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.

High-calcium foods include dairy products, dark green vegetables, sardines and salmon (with bones), and tofu.

Your body makes its own vitamin D when sunlight hits your skin..

Can you reverse osteopenia?

Infrequently, osteopenia can normalize on follow-up testing. This is more common in certain situations, such as when only mild osteopenia on the initial bone density test. When mild osteopenia is caused by significant vitamin D deficiency, and the vitamin D deficiency is treated, then the osteopenia may reverse.

How do you stop osteopenia from progressing?

Make Your Bones ThickGet enough calcium and vitamin D.Exercise often and make sure your exercises put some strain on your bones (running and lifting weights, for example, are good for your bones).Don’t smoke. Smoking harms your bones.Avoid cola drinks (diet and regular). … Don’t drink too much alcohol.

What type of calcium is best for osteopenia?

The two main forms of calcium supplements are carbonate and citrate. Calcium carbonate is cheapest and therefore often a good first choice. Other forms of calcium in supplements include gluconate and lactate.

What foods to avoid with osteopenia?

Foods to limit or avoidHigh-salt foods. Excess salt consumption can cause your body to release calcium, which is harmful to your bones. … Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss. … Beans/legumes. … Wheat bran. … Excess vitamin A. … Caffeine.

Does walking help osteopenia?

Like muscle, bone gets stronger when you use it. The best moves for bones are weight-bearing exercises that force your body to work against gravity. That includes walking, stair climbing, dancing, and lifting weights.

Does osteopenia make you tired?

You might have side effects such as digestive problems and bone and joint pain. They might also make you feel tired.

Does osteopenia affect your teeth?

Results of a previously unpublished study are presented which suggest that severity of osteopenia is related to loss of alveolar crestal height and tooth loss in post-menopausal women.

How much vitamin D should I take for osteopenia?

Due to the relative lack of vitamin D-containing foods, supplements of vitamin D are often necessary to achieve an adequate intake. The National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) recommends an intake of 800 to 1000 international units (IU) of vitamin D3 per day for adults over age 50 (NOF 2008).

What is the best treatment for osteopenia?

Bisphosphonates are the main drugs doctors use to prevent and treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. They include alendronic acid (Fosamax), ibandronic acid (Boniva), risedronic acid (Actonel), and zoledronic acid (Reclast).

How quickly does osteopenia progress?

Of patients with osteopenia, 23.7% progressed to osteoporosis; median progression time was >8.5 years. Progression time was >8.2 years in “low-risk” tertile (T score between −1.1 and −1.6 SD), >8.5 years in “middle-risk” (between −1.6 and −2), and 3.2 years in “high-risk” (from −2 to −2.4) (p<0.0001).

Should you treat osteopenia?

Osteopenia can be treated either with exercise and nutrition or with medications. But some doctors are increasingly wary about overmedicating people who have osteopenia. The fracture risk is low to begin with, and research has shown that medication may not reduce it that much.