Quick Answer: What Is William’S Syndrome?

What is the life expectancy of someone with Williams syndrome?

Some people with Williams syndrome may have a reduced life expectancy due to complications of the disease (such as cardiovascular involvement).

No studies specifically exist on life expectancy, although individuals have been reported to live into their 60s..

At what age is Williams Syndrome diagnosed?

Williams syndrome is usually diagnosed before a child is 4 years old. Your doctor will do an exam and ask about your family medical history. Then the doctor will look for facial features like an upturned nose, wide forehead, and small teeth. An electrocardiogram (EKG) or ultrasound can check for heart problems.

What is an elfin face?

Elfin facies is a form of facies where the patient presents with facial characteristics bearing some similarities to those traditionally associated with elves. It is characterized by prominent forehead, widely spaced eyes, upturned nose, underdeveloped mandible, dental hypoplasia, and patulous lips.

Is Williams Syndrome treatable?

There is no specific cure for Williams syndrome, so care is focused on treating specific symptoms or cardiovascular problems. Children with Williams syndrome who have a heart defect may need heart catheterization or surgery to repair the problem, including: ballooning or stenting of blood vessels.

How many people in the UK have Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is a rare genetic condition. It occurs randomly and affects 1 in 18,000 people in the UK.

Is ADHD the opposite of autism?

The two disorders also share at least some genetic risk factors. A new study published 13 August in Human Brain Mapping suggests that in the brain, however, autism and ADHD may result from distinct, even opposite, patterns of activity.

What other disorders are associated with autism?

The conditions that overlap with autism generally fall into one of four groups: classic medical problems, such as epilepsy, gastrointestinal issues or sleep disorders; developmental diagnoses, such as intellectual disability or language delay; mental-health conditions, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( …

Is Williams Syndrome the same as Down syndrome?

Williams syndrome is characterised by poor visuo-spatial abilities alongside relatively preserved language skills, whereas Down’s syndrome is characterised by lower language skills alongside less impaired visuo-spatial skills (e.g. Mervis and John, 2012).

Is Williams syndrome a form of autism?

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and Williams syndrome (WS) both are neurodevelopmental disorders, each with a unique social phenotypic pattern.

Why is it called Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is a microdeletion syndrome caused by the spontaneous deletion of genetic material from the region q11. 23 of one member of the pair of chromosome 7, so that the person is hemizygous for those genes.

What genes are missing in Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is caused by a missing piece ( deletion ) of genetic material from a specific region of chromosome 7. The deleted region includes more than 25 genes . CLIP2, ELN, GTF2I, GTF2IRD1, and LIMK1 are among the genes that are typically deleted in people with Williams syndrome.

What is the opposite of autism?

Chris has Williams Syndrome (WS), a rare genetic disorder affecting around one in 18,000 people in Britain. It has often been dubbed the ‘opposite of autism’. People with WS are empathetic, social, friendly and endearing but they tend to have a low IQ, making tasks such as counting money difficult.

How common is Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is a rare disorder that affects males and females in equal numbers and infants of any race may be affected. The prevalence of this disorder is approximately one in 10,000-20,000 births in the United States.

What are the symptoms of Williams syndrome?

What are the symptoms of Williams syndrome?specific facial features like a wide mouth, small upturned nose, widely spaced teeth, and full lips.colic or feeding problems.attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)learning disorders.inward bend of pinky finger.specific phobias.short stature.speech delays.More items…

Is Williams Syndrome a disability?

Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. This condition is characterized by mild to moderate intellectual disability or learning problems, unique personality characteristics, distinctive facial features, and heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) problems.