Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Are Methods To Reduce The Risk Of Needlestick Injury?

What is the biggest cause of sharps injuries?

Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs)..

What actions would you take if you had a needle stick injury?

What should I do if I injure myself with a used needle?encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water.wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.do not scrub the wound while you’re washing it.do not suck the wound.dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

Do Gloves protect from needle stick injury?

Wearing gloves reduces the risk of injury by needles and sharp medical devices, or sharps injuries, by about 66 percent, according to a new study by Canadian and U.S. researchers. Double-gloving brought the risk down further, by about 80 percent.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

Can a needle go through a shoe?

There’s no reason for PEP or worrying about your kids and yes it would be difficult for a needle to go through your tennis shoe and then stick your foot and even if it did the blood would be stripped off as it went through your shoe.

What is an example of a safer needle device?

Safer needle devices have built-in safety control devices, such as those that use a self-sheathing needle, to help prevent injuries before, during, and after use through safer design features.

What are the two main common risks when working in community?

Common hazards and risks in community support serviceslifting, carrying, pushing and pulling objects.slips, trips and falls.transporting people and equipment in vehicles.work-related stress.occupational violence.working alone.bullying and harassment.

How do you protect yourself from a needle stick?

Avoid recapping needles.Before beginning any procedure using needles, plan for safe handling and proper disposal.Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features.Use devices with safety features.Report all needlestick and other sharps-related injuries.More items…•

What 4 things should you do following a sharps injury?

What to do if you receive a sharps injuryEncourage the wound to gently bleed, ideally holding it under running water.Wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.Don’t scrub the wound whilst you are washing it.Don’t suck the wound.Dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing.More items…•

Who is at risk of needlestick injury?

Some people, such as health care workers are at increased risk of needlestick injury, which occurs when the skin is accidentally punctured by a used needle. Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by such an injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).

What is the key to ensuring that a needlestick does not occur?

Avoid using needles whenever safe and effective alternatives are available. Avoid recapping or bending needles that might be contaminated. Bring standard-labeled, leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps containers to clients’ homes. Do not assume such containers will be available there.

How do you prevent a needlestick injury PPT?

Do not manually remove the contaminated needle from the syringe. Do not walk around the immunization area or work site carrying used syringes. Do not recap syringes. Put the needle and syringe in the vial, in the patient, and in the disposal box without setting it down in between steps.

Can you reuse a needle on yourself?

Both needle and syringe must be discarded once they have been used. It is not safe to change the needle and reuse the syringe – this practice can transmit disease.

What percentage of needlestick injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles …

What counts as a needlestick injury?

Needlestick injury: A penetrating stab wound from a needle (or other sharp object) that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. The main concern is exposure to the blood or other body fluids of another person who may be carrying infectious disease.

What is the protocol for a needlestick?

Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants. Report the incident to your supervisor.